Cat Dental Health & Tooth Care : Healthy & Unhealthy Cat Mouths

Hi this is Dr. Greg McDonald and I here for
Expert and we are talking about disease of your cat’s mouth, mostly dental
problems. I wanted to go over with you some of the normal anatomies that you will see
on your cat’s teeth that are normal. I have a special model to look at that will show
you some of the abnormalities that you might find in your cats mouth if you look. Some
cats are a little difficult to look at and might take two of you to do that so all you
have to do is hold the cats mouth open and some cats that have been medicated a lot will
fight you but work with them and kind of peak every once in a while until you get they sleepy.
So this is a normal cat’s mouth and again it is a model so that you can see the roots
of the teeth as well as all the other teeth they have. You can see they are carnivorous
and they have these really sharp canine teeth that are designed for grabbing and killing
their prey. These other teeth in this area up here are really designed more for grinding
of these teeth along this way. You can also see all of their roots go deep into their
mouth and again these are actual cat’s teeth that have been mounted in plastic so you can
see how they work. Those are all normal. I also have a model here that shows the abnormal
teeth. Now on this side you see normal teeth and if we turn it around this way you can
actually see some of the disease that cats get in their mouth and this is what you would
be looking for. This is actually an interesting one because they have an extra tooth right
here; it’s a baby tooth that did not fall out. It is called a retained deciduous tooth
and that causes some dental disease because the food gets stuck in between those two teeth
and those should be removed. You can obviously see there is some tartar on all of these teeth.
The tartar in and of itself is not a problem but you can see how red and inflamed these
gums are. The tartar built up on the teeth has caused the gum to become inflamed to the
point where they actually have gingivitis and the gingivitis is actually exposing the
animal’s bloodstream to bacteria every day. On this area down here, you can see there
is actually a broken tooth and exposed root canal. On this side is a normal tooth so you
can tell here that this poor kitty cat if he was alive was having a lot of pain with
a tooth broken like that and an exposed root canal. So we are going to talk a little bit
about what your veterinarian will do for this but there are also things you can do at home
to prevent your cat from having a mouth that gets to looking this bad. Some of it is very
interesting. It is actually genetics. Some cats really need to have their teeth cleaned
no matter what we do every six months. Other cats do find their whole life just on special
diets so look in your cat’s mouth and decide if your veterinarian looks at it.

Comments 5

  • thankyou very much for this helpful video.

  • Ha drug your cat lol

  • My cat seems to have a mild case of gingivitis in his back teeth. I bought a cat toothbrush / paste and I was wondering if I should brush his teeth every night or just about 3 times a week. Please let me know!! Thanks!

  • Thanks for posting this! I've got a 3 year old flamepoint rescue kitty who came to me with kind of bad teeth. She's showing signs now of possible toothache or cold sensitivity so I'm taking her in for a proper cleaning soon. But meanwhile, surfing the 'net looking to brush up on what I can do at home. Didn't know for instance that it's safe to brush their teeth every day. So I guess my little siamese here is going to get to know that finger brush *real* well!

    Thanks again for the advice!

  • My cat is 12-13 years old, she never had a professional cleaning and her teeth appear to be intact and her gums are light pink.  Problem is her breath has become something awful, like she'll lick my hand and then my hand will stink like bacteria where she licked it. And I can smell her bad breath even when her mouth is closed, and it knocks me over if she opens her mouth anywhere near my face. I thought breath this bad would be because of something more serious, but perhaps all she needs is a brushing with cat toothpaste?  

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