Navigating Websites with JAWS


one of the most common tasks on a
computer today is navigating a website so it’s no
surprise that JAWS has a variety of commands designed
specifically to help a user move around web page efficiently. In this
video we will demonstrate some of the most common commands and techniques a JAWS user might employ
find their way around a web page To understand how navigating a web page
with a screen reader works we must first understand the common
elements that make up a web page. A web page can be made several different
elements which include headings, body text, links, graphics, frames, form elements, and more. let’s focus on two of the most common
elements headings and links. Headings are visually represented by large size
text and serve as titles or subtitles to various sections a web
page. For example this Wikipedia article on
World War two breaks up the article with headings like
chronology, background, and pre-war events. Links are the backbone
of the Internet they help you move from one web page to
another and in some cases from one section of a web page to another.
Looking again at the Wikipedia article on world war two you’ll find links to various other
related articles throughout the page. Selecting one of
these links will take you to the relevant
information whether it be a new web page or different section on the same page.
Now let’s see how we can use headings and links to quickly
move through this very large Wikipedia page. With the web Page
fully-loaded we can simply press the “h” key on the
keyboard to move to the first heading on the page. “World War two heading level
1” each time we press the “H” key JAWS will move
to the following heading. “Contents heading level 2
chronology heading level 2 background heading level 2.” Notice how it
says heading level on, two, through six. The heading levels
can be used by the Web Developer to express the importance of a heading
or signify if a heading is part of a subgroup. Think heading level 1 as a title and
heading level 2 as a subtitle and so on. Once you find
the heading you are interest in you can navigate to the body the text
using the arrow keys or the numbpad as you would a written
document. “Pre-War events heading level 2 heading level 3 Italian invasion of
ethiopia left paran 1935 right paren. main article: colon link second Italo
dash Abyssinian War lead graphic (long file name)” Optionally you can have JAWS pull a listing all the
headings on the web page by pressing insert plus F6. “Heading list dialogue, Headings list view
world war two colon one. One of forty to move to items use the
arrow keys.” You’ll be presented with a list of all
the web pages headings and you can navigate with up and down arrow
keys to move through the list. When you find a
heading you were interested in Press enter to be brought to that
section of the web page. “Contents colon two. chronology colon two. Enter. Heading
level 2 chronology world war 2 dash wikipedia the free
encyclopedia chronlogy heading level 2. “Pressing
insert plus F6 again will bring the headings list backup you
be placed at the current heading you were navigating through in the list.
“Headings list dialogue headings list view.” Inside the headings
list you’ll find two radio button menu’s. Sort heading which
allows you to sort the headings list by the tab order which is the order they
are listed on the web page or alphabetically. “Tab sort headings in
tab order radio button checked one of two.” And display which allows you to filter
the headings list by their level. “Tab display all headings radio button
checked 1 of 7. display level 1 headings radio button
display level 2 headings radio button checked 3 of 7.” Using
headings is a great way to skim through a web
page or jump to an important section. Now let’s take a look at navigating the links on a webpage. Pressing Tab on the
keyboard will move to each link on the web page. “Tab 25 dash pounder link. Tab first battle of El Alamein link. Tab
Stuka link. Tab Eastern Front Link Tab
Lingayen Gulf link. Invasion Lingayen Gulf.” Pressing Shift
plus tap will move backwards through the links on
the page. Shift tab Eastern Front link. Shift tab Stuka link. Shift tab first battle of El Alamein link.” To open a link press Enter on the keyboard. “Enter
en.Wikipedia .org First battle of El Alamein – Wikipedia:
the free encyclopedia page has 12 regions, 29 headings, and 716 links.” In Wikipedia articles you’ll find that
some links will take you to new articles while some links will move you to
different sections on the page. To go back to the previous web page press
alt plus left arrow. “Back. World War 2 dash
wikipedia the free encyclopedia visited link first battle of El Alamein.”
Like headings JAWS can also bring up a list the all
the links on the page to bring up this list press
insert plus F7. “Links list dialogue list view. First battle El Alamein. 9
of 3780 to move to items us the arrow keys.”
Inside the link list you can use the Up and Down arrows to
navigate through the list. Stuka, Eastern Front, Lingayen Gulf,
Whilhelm Ketel.” Press alt “m” to move JAWS to the link or press enter activate the link. “Enter. en.Wikipedia .org. Mediterranean and
Middle East theater of World War two heading level 1 page has 12 regions, 25
headings, 779 links. Also inside the links list you’ll find
two radio menus. “Links list dialogue, list links view.
navigation 1 of 779 to move to items use the
arrow keys. shift tab, display all links radio button
checked 1 of 3. To change the selection press up or down
arrow alt plus “L”” Display which allows you to filter the
link list by all links, visited links only, and unvisited
links. “Shift tab sort link in tab order radio
button checked 1 of 2 to change the selection press up or down
arrow alt plus “E”” You’ll also find sort links which allows you
to sort the links in tab order which is the
order that they appear on the page or alphabetically. Using links to
navigate can help you quickly move deeper through website’s. For example on a banking
homesite you might be able to quickly find your way to
the checking and savings area by bring up the link list. Simply press insert plus F7 to bring up the
links list. Link list dialogue, links list view US
Bank 1 of 76 to move to items use the arrow keys.”
Arrow down through the list of links till you find
checking and savings. “Personal, small, commercial, mobile about,
customer, location, Espanol, online, checking and
savings.“ And press enter. “Enter, new tab page, checking
visited link checking accounts vertical bar open a
personal checking account vertical bar US bank.”

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